Essay on Kashmir – 200 Words
The Kashmir issue is a very significant issue and after all these years, it has yet to be resolved. The British sold the province of Kashmir to Gulab Singh in 1846 on the condition that if unity was lost, the British would be permitted to regain half or more of the land by paying compensation. Certain regions of Kashmir were not transferred after independence from the colonial administration, resulting in a conflict between India and Pakistan. The Hindu ruler of Kashmir, Maharaja Hari Singh, chose to accede to India but faced resistance from the Muslim majority population and an invasion by Pakistani-backed tribesmen. Raja Hari Singh, the Hindu monarch of Kashmir, decided to join India, generating tensions and bloodshed between Hindus and Muslims. In 1948, a UN-sponsored referendum was conducted to decide Kashmir’s loyalty, but the results were not respected since Indian soldiers interfered with the ceasefire talks and refused to let the ballot boxes reach their destination. Instead, India had its own rigged elections.
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Since then, the dispute has broken into many wars. The situation is exacerbated further by the fact that both nations claim the land in its entirety yet only control sections of it. The international world has urged for a peaceful conclusion, but no long-term peace accord has been established. Several attempts have been made to resolve the dispute through dialogue, mediation, and confidence-building measures, but none have succeeded so far.
Essay on Kashmir – 500 Words
Kashmir is a bone of contention between Pakistan and India. The Kashmir issue is the biggest hindrance to the normalization of relations between Pakistan and India. The two countries have fought two full-fledged wars over this issue. In view of its geopolitical significance, India desired to acquire Kashmir when the partition of the sub-continent became inevitable circumstances when the Kashmiri Muslims revolted against the evil designs of India. Pakistan is of the view that only the people of Kashmir have a right to determine the future of Kashmir. The UN resolutions of August 13, 1948, and January 5, 1949, which were accepted both by India and Pakistan provided for the holding of a plebiscite under the UN auspices to settle the Kashmir issue.
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It has its roots in the time of the partition of India and Pakistan into separate states. As the Hindu Maharaja Ranjit Singh demanded independence, the struggle erupted into bloodshed and persecution of the Muslim community. Many Kashmiris fled to Pakistan, which has continuously fought for peace and justice in the area. There have been various peace negotiations between India and Pakistan throughout the years, notably the “Ailan-e-Lahore” meeting in 2001, which tried to address conflicts over the disputed province of Jammu and Kashmir. Yet, earlier efforts to establish an agreement have failed owing to disagreements about who should manage the territory.
The Indian government has enforced a curfew, and a communication blackout, and deployed military soldiers in the area, sparking huge demonstrations and bloodshed. According to Pakistan, India is not treating the people of Kashmir well. It is not giving Kashmiri people their right to speak without fear. Both India and Pakistan have tried to talk things out, but the problem is still not resolved. The situation has caused problems between India and Pakistan, making it harder for them to work together on other things like business and safety. India and Pakistan should work together to find a way to make the people happy and keep the area safe.
The Western countries are playing the most condemnable role regarding the Kashmir issue. The politicians of these countries seem to be worried about the pollution, caused by smoke and noise, but it is a matter of great regret that they are not paying any attention to the pollution caused by the blood of the innocent Muslims of occupied Kashmir.
The Kashmir conflict is one of the longest-running and most complex disputes in the world. It requires a peaceful and lasting solution that respects the aspirations and rights of the Kashmiri people, as well as the interests and concerns of both India and Pakistan. It also requires constructive engagement and cooperation among all the stakeholders, including China and other regional and global powers. Only then can Kashmir become a bridge of peace and prosperity instead of a bone of contention between two nuclear-armed neighbours.
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To conclude, the international community must pressure Hindustan to accept the justified demand of the Kashmiris. It must impose economic restrictions on Hindustan. It must also use force under U.N.O. The time has now come when the U.N.O must play an effective role in solving the as it has played in the Iraq-Kuwait case, otherwise, it can lose its vitality as a peace-keeping and peace-making organization in the world.
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